Simple Machines are found everywhere. This post will be about looking for simple (and complex machines) in the home or classroom and integrating science with math.
First review the 6 different simple machines. (wheel, lever, pulley, inclined plane, screw, wedge)
Have the kids list the 6 simple machines then go on a scavenger hunt to find as many as they can. Clipboards work well and kids love to use them.
Here are some examples.
Stapler - lever, wedge
Hole Punch - lever, wedge
Light Bulb - the base is a screw
Spoon - wedge
Doorknob - wheel and axle
Egg Beater - wheel and axle, gears, wedge
Window Shade - pulley
Wall Light Switch - lever
Can Opener - wheel and axle, gears, lever, wedge
Stairs - inclined plane
Step Stool - inclined plane
Bottle Cap - screw
Door Hinge - lever
The students should mark a tally for each machine found.
When they are finished have the kids create a tally chart or frequency chart of their data (information).
(Younger students can fill in a chart with their teacher.)
Next the children could graph their results using paper, pencils, rulers, crayons, etc. or they could use an online graphing program.
An easy online website for children to use is Kids' Zone-Create a Graph.
|Graph made at the Kids Zone Website|
Older students could use the Microsoft Excel Program to create their graphs.